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The World Health Organisation (WHO) issued a warning report, according to which the increasing resistance of bacteria could lead to the situation, when some diseases could kill again after almost a century. 

WHO report

According to the report of the World Health Organisation even the strongest antibiotics, which are considered the last resort treatment, lose their effect in treatment of bacterial infections. This could mean that some diseases will become deadly again after many decades. 

Resistance of bacteria to antibiotics is not counted in single digits as for example in the 1980s, but in double digit percentages! The newest conclusions of the WHO are based on extensive data from more than hundred countries and are very frightening. In case of some diseases, the resistance already reaches more than fifty percent and it thus becomes more and more difficult to treat these diseases. 

This fact is confirmed even by Jennifer Cohn from Doctors without Borders, who is convinced that it is absolutely necessary to implement a global plan of rationalisation of the use of antibiotics. "Whether we look at any of our medical missions, we see incredible numbers with regard to the resistance to antibiotics... Local doctors cannot provide the correct medical care,” thinks Jennifer Cohn.

A very serious situation is unfortunately also in developed countries, where the overuse of antibiotics is abundant and this accelerates the abilities of bacteria to be immune to antibiotics. The entire situation is alarming and is underestimated both by patients and by doctors, who often prescribe antibiotics for unnecessary reasons, either for “absolute security” or they prescribe antibiotics without obtaining laboratory data about the particular sensitivity to the given type of antibiotics. This often leads to the fact that first antibiotics are not efficient and doctor has to prescribe others. This way bacteria are essentially conditioned to survive like the old saying: "What doesn’t kill you, makes you stronger”. 

WHO has sounded the alarm and we must hope that it is not too late to perform the measures to thwart this problematic situation. It will be absolutely necessary to prescribe antibiotics only to the absolutely necessary extent and purposefully, not just via “trial and error”. The entire issue is exacerbated by the overuse or even preventive use of antibiotics in animal production. Animals are now literally fed by antibiotics, which mean a further increase in the resistance of bacteria, which learn to coexist with antibiotics under a weak but permanent exposition to them, so that antibiotics are not deadly for them anymore. 

More bad news comes from laboratories, where scientists delivered the last truly new type of antibiotics in the 1980s and since then they offer only variants, which are not a major obstacles for bacteria. These variations may paradoxically strengthen bacteria even more in their resistance.

If we don’t start to do something globally, most of us may live to see a return to 100 years ago, when some currently problem-free diseases could become deadly again, as in the era of our great grandmothers. It is very difficult to find the correct antibiotics even today, e.g. for gonorrhoea or pneumonia. However, it may become even worse both from the perspective of the extending portfolio of diseases, for which it will be increasingly more difficult to find antibiotics, and from the perspective of the ever increasing resistance to even the strongest antibiotics. This means that we may face a similar situation in near future to the spread of AIDS in the 1980s. Nevertheless, it still may be even worse, if it becomes too common that the patient dies from post-operational infections or other infections, which are now commonly treated with antibiotics. 

You can read the entire report of the World Health Organisation in English here.

Nejnovější zkušenosti pacientů

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